Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive

Colin J Humphreys and W Graeme Waddington report on the oldest recorded solar eclipse, a biblical reference which may be used to date precisely the reign of Ramesses the Great. A puzzling event in The Bible that mentions both the Moon and the Sun can be interpreted as describing a solar eclipse. We have dated it to 30 October BC, making it possibly the oldest datable solar eclipse recorded. This enables us to refine the dates of certain Egyptian pharaohs, including Ramesses the Great. It also suggests that the expressions currently used for calculating changes in the Earth’s rate of rotation can be reliably extended back years, from BC to BC. In modern astronomy, solar eclipses are categorized into three types: total, annular and partial. In the ancient world, however, observers did not distinguish between total and annular solar eclipses. On the other hand, the Chinese records do have a separate word for a partial solar eclipse chin ; Stephenson It is only when we get to the eclipse of 28 July AD , observed in Nishapur, Iran, that we have an unambiguously explicit statement of annularity from Al-Biruni.

Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative

Professor Brian Fields and graduate students Ada Ertel and Jesse Miller have published a paper linking a supernova to a mass extinction millions of years ago. Read the article here. The Astronomy classroom is now the James B.

All Events Astronomy Classes Classes for Kids Late Night Date Night Stonelick Star Astronomers have discovered thousands of planets circling distant stars.

In China, as in many other cultures, there is evidence of interest and observation of the sky from many years earlier than written documentation suggests. Examples of pottery now held at the Beijing Ancient Observatory and dated to the Neolithic period over years ago show images of the sun, and intricately carved animal shells and bones depict images of the stars as well as astronomical events such as star explosions which may date back as far as BC.

It is possible that the observation of the sky in a scientific sense was first undertaken as a way of marking time and recording events within a recurring pattern in order to create a calendar. A calendar marks the seasons and helps farmers to know when to plant and harvest their grain. Like many ancient societies, China based its calendar upon the phases of the moon but then added extra months. This was because a solar year is not evenly divisible by an exact number of lunar months — there are about This is called a luni-solar calendar.

The Chinese calendar therefore had a thirteen-month year every two or three years. In May , some relics of this early astronomical activity were uncovered with the discovery of the oldest astronomical observatory known in China today. This vast carved platform, measuring sixty metres in diameter, was used to locate the rising of the sun at the different periods of the year. As tradition dictated that the rulers of China, first kings and later emperors, should receive their political mandate from the sky, astronomy soon became a dominant science in China.

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The UK and global astronomy and geophysics communities are warmly invited to attend this special event. In the next few weeks proposals will open for scientific sessions, and applications across the widest possible range of topics are encouraged to showcase research across the different fields. The University of Bath is a thriving campus for science, engineering, technology and innovation.

One of the UK’s leading universities both in terms of research and reputation for excellence in teaching, learning and graduate prospects, the University is looking forward to welcoming the astronomy, astrophysics, space, solar and terrestrial science communities to a celebration of cutting-edge discoveries and a look to the future.

This website is out of date. Click this link to visit our new one. Dunedin Astronomical Society is open to anyone with an interest in astronomy. We hold regular.

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7 Ancient Cultures and How They Shaped Astronomy

We as human beings are greatly attracted to beauty. And there is nothing more beautiful than the heavenly bodies set above us to see. From the stars, sun, moon, and planets for us to admire, our world has never been short of attraction! Our interest in Astronomy can be dated back to ancient times.

and Chandra composite image of the Galactic Center Region. Discover how Hubble partners with the astronomy community COLLABORATING MISSIONS.

Educational activities are one of the essential tasks of the Union. It is a three-week international postgraduate school for regions where students have less opportunity to be directly exposed to the full extent of up-to-date astrophysics mainly, but not exclusively, from astronomically developing countries. During the school both theory and observations are addressed.

The curriculum includes a standard set of self-contained, coherent lectures that cover the basic concepts and theories of selected fields of astronomy and astrophysics, along with relevant instrumentation and observation, and data reduction and calibration, understandable to students with good college mathematics and physics but not necessarily astronomy training, plus selected thematic topics of the latest development and trend of the fields. The participants are essentially coming from countries in the region of the country hosting the ISYA.

The lecturers are experts coming from all over the world.

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Astronomers have discovered thousands of planets circling distant stars. This is the hottest field in astronomy. How do you find exoplanets and what are they like? Have we discovered a Second-Earth?

Supported by the Office for Young Astronomers (OYA) opportunity to be directly exposed to the full extent of up-to-date astrophysics For countries with a national astronomy program, part of the school could take place at an observatory site.

This Pin was discovered by Elin Tengbert. Discover and save! Table of contents. They make up everything. Because they were quantum mechanics. Sign up to our newsletter. Connect with us on social media and stay up to date on new articles. Physics One of the oldest scientific disciplines, the study of physics continues to expand the scope of human understanding, from the nano-scale to the dimensions of our universe. Like Physics on Facebook. Browse other articles in this category: Hey baby if i supply the voltage and you a little resistance, imagine the current we can make together.

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Last update: 18 minutes ago. The nebula known as W51 is one of the most active star-forming regions in the Milky Way galaxy. First identified in by radio telescopes, it makes a rich cosmic tapestry in this image from NASA’s recently retired Spitzer

Get the latest space exploration, innovation and astronomy news. celebrates humanity’s ongoing expansion across the final frontier.

How do we know the age of the surfaces we see on planets and moons? If a world has a surface as opposed to being mostly gas and liquid , astronomers have developed some techniques for estimating how long ago that surface solidified. Note that the age of these surfaces is not necessarily the age of the planet as a whole. On geologically active objects including Earth , vast outpourings of molten rock or the erosive effects of water and ice, which we call planet weathering, have erased evidence of earlier epochs and present us with only a relatively young surface for investigation.

One way to estimate the age of a surface is by counting the number of impact craters. This technique works because the rate at which impacts have occurred in the solar system has been roughly constant for several billion years. Thus, in the absence of forces to eliminate craters, the number of craters is simply proportional to the length of time the surface has been exposed. This technique has been applied successfully to many solid planets and moons Figure 1.

Figure 1. Bear in mind that crater counts can tell us only the time since the surface experienced a major change that could modify or erase preexisting craters. Estimating ages from crater counts is a little like walking along a sidewalk in a snowstorm after the snow has been falling steadily for a day or more. You may notice that in front of one house the snow is deep, while next door the sidewalk may be almost clear.

Do you conclude that less snow has fallen in front of Ms.

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It is dated 17 August It was [almost-completely] curated by Stuart Weinberger. Retired Nebraska-Lincoln professor Donald Taylor has passed away at age

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Astronomy News. The new work offers a potential solution to the so-called ‘Galactic bar One way to ponder this question is by observing the distribution and abundance of complex This is the first time The instrument may be used on missions Astronomers and a team of data-sleuthing volunteers participating in Backyard Worlds: Planet 9, a citizen science project, have discovered Summaries Headlines. The inconspicuous cloud in the constellation Aquila is beating with the rhythm of a neighbouring precessing The solar cells withstood the extreme conditions in space, producing power from direct sunlight and reflective light The galaxy is TESS has found 66 new planets, nearly 2, candidates, and much This discovery has shed light on stellar explosions and the origin of chemical Computer simulation results suggest The results are being used to illuminate complex circulation patterns in the

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Over the course of its history, the Milky Way has ingested multiple smaller satellite galaxies 1.

We are creating a unified UKRI website that brings together the existing research council, Innovate UK and Research England websites. If you.

It provides high quality astronomical data to citizen scientists around the world. They are able to make original astronomical discoveries and participate in hands-on astronomy. This service is provided at no cost! In , these students discovered the trans-Neptunian object GE This is a large km ball of ice and rock located at an average distance of 56 AU from the Sun, out past the orbit of Pluto. Through the International Astronomical Union, it has been officially named Zhulong by the students at the school.

Welcome to the International Astronomical Search Collaboration! Happy Hunting! It is important that you understand how to use Astrometrica , identify true and false signatures i. If you can do these things, your citizen science group will be successful in discovering new Main Belt asteroids and making important near-Earth object observations. If your citizen science group would like to participate in an IASC search campaign please visit the Registration page.

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